A recent study by scientists in Brazil has revealed that there might be a possible link between the Zika virus and joint deformities in babies.
The study has been published in the BMJ, it shows a link between Zika virus and arthrogryposis (The condition causes joint deformities at birth, particularly in the arms and legs).
The study is based on a research where detailed brain and joint images of seven children with arthrogryposis were studied.
They also studied a diagnosis of congenital infection, presumably caused by Zika virus.
Scientists found the children tested negative for the five other main infectious causes of microcephaly – toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus, rubella, syphilis and HIV.
But all the children showed signs of brain calcification, a condition in which calcium builds up in the brain.
The theory is that the Zika virus destroys brain cells, and forms lesions where the calcium is deposited.
All the children underwent high definition scanning of the joints and surrounding tissues, but there was no evidence of joint abnormalities.
Based on these observations, the researchers conclude that “congenital Zika syndrome should be added to the differential diagnosis of congenital infections and arthrogryposis.”