Chandra Shekhar Azad was born on 23rd July 1906, in Madhya Pradesh. His forefathers were from the Badarka village near Kanpur. He was an Indian revolutionary who joined the revolution for the Indian independence when he was only 15 years old.
He had vowed that he would never be arrested by the British police and kept his promise by shooting himself in the head with his last bullet.
Here are some facts you must know about the Indian revolutionary:
- Azad was only 15 years old when he was arrested for the first time for joining Gandhi’s Non-Cooperation Movement
- On being produced before a judge, he gave his name as ‘Azad’, father’s name as ‘Swatantrata’ (independence) and residence as ‘Jail’
- After Gandhi ji withdrew the Non-Cooperation movement in 1922, Azad became more aggressive. He committed himself to achieve complete independence by any means.
- He played a key role in the Kakori conspiracy where he looted the train carrying cash belonging to the British treasury
- He became famous after killing of the assistant superintendent Saunders in 1928
- His favourite verse was: “Dushman ki goliyon ka hum samna karenge, Azad hi rahein hain, azad hi rahenge!”
- He was the chief strategist of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA)
- Azad died at Alfred Park in Allahabad on 27th February 1931. After a long shootout with police, holding true to his pledge to never be captured alive, he shot himself dead with his last bullet.
- Alfred Park, where he became “Shaheed”, has been renamed Chandrashekhar Azad Park.