The Supreme Court while hearing a petition on abolition of bull-fighting sport ‘Jallikattu’ on Tuesday set aside August 30 as the final date of hearing to decide the constitutionality of the festival.
Responding strongly to Tamil Nadu’s argument that the sport should be permitted as it is
a part of 5,000 years culture, the apex court said that, “By this logic should courts allow
child marriage, which too was a part of custom for centuries.”
The court would now decide on if the sport violates the constitution on August 30.
Here is all you need to know about ‘Jallikattu':
What is Jallikattu?
The sport also known as ‘Manju Virattu is an event held in Tamil Nadu as a part of
Pongal celebrations on Mattu Pongal day. Bulls are specially bred by people of the village
for the event and attended mainly by many villages’ temple bulls (kovil kaalai).
What does Jallikattu mean?
The word ‘Jallikattu’ originated from the Tamil words Jalli and Kattu,
which mean silver or gold coins tied to the bulls’ horns
When did Jallikattu originate?
Bull baiting was common among the ancient tribes who lived in the ‘Mullai’ geographical
division of the ancient Tamil country.Later, it became a platform for display of bravery
and prize money was introduced for entertainment.
What are the various variants of Jallikattu?
Although there are many variants of the sport that are practiced in the state, three
main variants are:
Vaṭi Manju Viraṭṭu: In this, the bull which is being released from an enclosure is held for some distance and time. The person who manages to hold the animal within the time span in the particular distance wins the prize.
Veli Viraṭṭu: In this, the bull is released on a open ground while people try to gain control over it.
Vaṭam Manjuviraṭṭu: In this, the bull is tied to long rope while a team of players try to gain control over it within a time frame.